(60) Yukio Mishima loved Disneyland! What fascinated Mishima about Disney?

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Yukio Mishima loved Disneyland! What fascinated Mishima about Disney?

Yukio Mishima's first full-length novel, Confessions of a Mask

In my last article, I talked about the first Mishima work I read, "The Temple of the Golden Pavilion.

And from there IThe Grief of a Nation.I read a variety of Mishima's works, including "The Last of the Mishimas," but the most significant for me was Yukio Mishima's first full-length novel, "The Last of the Mishimas," which was published in 1964.Confessions of a Mask."It was.

Confessions of a Mask

This full-length novel is Mishima's "beginning work" and is quite grueling. The inner anguish, conflict, and storm that foreshadowed Mishima's later life are already depicted here.

The protagonist of this film is a peculiar boy who has homosexual tendencies and is even sexually aroused by the blood of young men. But he also agonizes over it and desires the general well-being of the world.

But still, he was not allowed such peace...

This work has been called an autobiographical novel by Yukio Mishima. Mishima himself has a wife and children, so it is not completely as it was in the novel, but it is said that the problems he had and his upbringing had a great influence on this work.

This work is described in "Bungo Navi: Mishima Yukio" as follows.

Confessions of a Mask can be described as an ambitious novel that confesses Yukio Mishima's refracted desire for transformation. It is also coated with plenty of venom.

If there is one thing in this world that can transform you quickly, it is marriage. Your family name changes, your family changes, and your relationship with the world around you changes. Roles and responsibilities are added, and social status is conferred. From an immature youth to a mature adult. In other words, "marriage" is a "belt conveyor of transformation" and a "system of shedding.

However, there is such a thing as fate, and some people cannot love the opposite sex. They (they) cannot take the first step, saying, "I can change if I get married. Therefore, they must live in a state of "immaturity" forever. They may grow old, become great, or rich, but their hearts are still immature. However, a "healthy" society does not easily allow us to remain immature like Peter Pan.

The protagonist of "Confessions of a Mask" desperately tries to love a woman in order to be reborn. He must overcome the obstacle of heterosexual love in order to get on the conveyor belt from "marriage" onward. But each time he does, he realizes his inability to love women.

Yukio Mishima, the writer, and Hiraoka, the flesh-and-blood human beingimperial authorityyellow bamboo(Mishima's real name) is a different person. Kimitake Hiraoka was married, had two children, built a huge chalk mansion, and achieved fame as a genius. He did not achieve his goal of becoming a Nobel Prize-winning author, though.

However, Mishima had a dark and honest complex in his mind that he was "less than human. In "Confessions of a Mask," Mishima depicted this complex as a tragedy of a young man who could not step onto the stairway to adulthood called "marriage. At the bottom of the story is the sorrow of a "man who is disqualified from being a man.

Shinchosha, Bungo Navi: Mishima Yukio, p. 27-29

Exactly as explained here, the protagonist seeks "marriage, the normal happiness of society". He is painfully aware of his lack of sexual interest in women. However, he desperately tries to change that by communicating with her even though he has no sexual desire for her, and he thinks he might be able to love her. However, his hope is crushed in a flash. Mishima confronts us with this decisive moment in his very powerful writing.

I covered her lips with my lips. A second passed. No pleasant sensation. Two seconds passed. The same. Three seconds passed. -I have noroughlymethodI found out that the

Shinchosha, Yukio Mishima, Confessions of a Mask, p. 182

Anticipation and anxiety, too much heartbreaking wish and despair. These three seconds are probably the most famous sentences in the history of literature.

this (something or someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or ideas expressed by the speaker)."roughlymethodI know what I'm doing."The sadness of that one word, "I'm sorry...

Confessions of a Mask" is a work that reveals the heartbreaking inner life of a young boy. He despairs that he will never be able to achieve the "happiness sought by the general public. No matter how he tries to claim it, he is definitely out of step with society, and the happiness he seeks will never be found.

I read this novel on the plane.

On a plane to where? Tokyo.

What are you doing here? My wife and I were going to Disneyland.

I had no idea that I was reading this novel on my first trip to Disneyland with my wife.

As I walked around Disneyland, I was enjoying a sense of happiness, and this novel by Mishima came to mind.I am happy now.I feel it.・・・・・but if theIf you can't feel it.・・・・・・・・・・・・・・What will happen?"And.

The protagonist of "Confessions of a Mask" thinks in his head, "Our time together should be happy, or at least I want it to be. But three seconds after their lips meet...turn out understandableThe following is a list of the most common problems with theI can't feel it.The thing is...

There is a big gulf between what we think and think in our heads and what we actually feel.

As I walked through Disney, Yukio Mishima came to mind over and over again. I couldn't help but think to myself, "What an outrageous poison you've poisoned me with."

Ichigaya Garrison, Yukio Mishima just before his suicideWikipedia.

Still, Yukio Mishima died too soon...Tokyo Disneyland will open 13 years after his suicide in 1970. What would Yukio Mishima think about this dreamland? I really wanted him to write it down. I wish he had not died, but had witnessed the world afterwards, and delivered his voice to us. This is what I strongly thought as I walked around Disneyland.

But I would be astonished a few days later.

To my surprise, there was a strong relationship between Mishima and Disney.

Yukio Mishima and Disneyland

According to "Mishima Yukio" by Masaru Kawashima, it is taught as follows

On New Year's Day of the year of his suicide, Mishima often suggested that the family go to Disneyland, but Mrs. Mishima refused, saying she wanted to do so after "The Sea of Fertility" was completed.

Bungeishunju, Masaru Kawashima, Yukio Mishima, p234

The year of his suicide, Yukio Mishima had asked his wife to take the family to Disneyland! And he did so several times! Mishima wanted to go to Disneyland!

Of course, there was no Tokyo Disneyland in 1970. The Disneyland Mishima refers to was Disneyland in the United States.

In fact, Mishima had visited Disneyland in California 10 years earlier, in 1960. In a letter to Yasunari Kawabata, he wrote, "Disneyland was so interesting that I wondered if there was such an interesting place in the world.

That Yukio Mishima was completely absorbed in Disney.... Mishima, who himself led the Tatenokai, a quasi-armed organization, and finally committed suicide, was walking around Disneyland with a smiling face. This is quite intense.

But that is understandable. Disneyland is more than just an entertainment facility.

What is the secret of Disneyland that fascinated even Mishima?

The key to this is by Masako NotojiThe Holy Land of Disneyland."This is a book called "Disney: The Sacred Sites," "Faith," and "Culture. This book is unique in that it looks at Disney from the aspects of "sacred places," "faith," and "culture. In the book, there is the following description.

The majority of the attractions in Fantasyland are based on these good versus evil folktales and fairy tales, with the basic plot of good escaping the pursuit of evil and returning to a world of safety.

Here, evil is represented by ugly adults with magic, power, and evil intentions, such as witches, card queens, one-legged captains of pirate ships, and circus performers, while good is represented by beautiful, innocent children.

The guests, young and old, who experience these attractions are transformed into "children of all ages" by Disney's carefully contrived magic, all working together to play the role of a child being chased by an evil adult.

In each story, the child's allies are imaginary little creatures such as fairies, dwarfs, small forest animals, and insects, with the help of which the children ultimately triumph.

The repetitive experience of such attractions, which could be described as homogamous, unwittingly conveys several fascinating messages to visitors.

No matter how terrible it is, it will not destroy us."
Our bodies are forever young and beautiful, beyond old age, infirmity, and death."

As we have already seen, Disneyland is an ideal populated world where the forces of nature, which are not at the will of man, have been expelled from the property. The same is true for human beings. In other words, this is a supernatural world that rejects the biological laws of dirt, aging, ugliness, and death that real human beings know as they grow up.

It is only natural that such a world in which such a serious theme as the miracle of immortality and the miracle of rebirth, which human beings have been pursuing since time immemorial, is told so innocently and so simply with the help of cheerful dwarves and fairies, should capture the hearts of people.

The reason audiences have applauded Disney's films, both movies and theme parks, as "fun beyond reason," and many critics have taken their hats off to Disney, is that Disney has tapped into a great vein in the world of fairy tales that is beyond the reach of ordinary critical ability, and has continued to refine its own alchemy. Disney's ability to criticize is beyond the reach of ordinary critics. (The reason for this is that Disney has continued to hone his own alchemy.)

Disney's alchemy has thus melted both the public mind and the analytical skills of intellectuals into a veritable melting pot.

Some line breaks have been made to make it easier to read on smartphones, etc.

Iwanami Shoten, Masako Notoji, "Disneyland, the Holy Land," p. 115-118

This is a supernatural world that rejects out of hand the biological laws of dirt, aging, ugliness, and death that real people know as they grow up.

I also think that this is exactly what Disneyland is all about.

And the reason why this is important is that this "denial of aging and death, and eternal life" is the ultimate desire that humanity has been seeking, and is even more fundamental to the doctrines of religion.

This is the ultimate appeal of Disneyland, which is why it has "melted the hearts of the masses and the analytical skills of intellectuals alike. The ultimate example of this is Yukio Mishima himself.

Mishima idealized "youth" and was unwilling to grow old. He must have been overwhelmed by Disneyland's "power to pull you into the world of the story. The power to forcibly draw others into one's own story. This is what artists and writers want, and what they are striving for.

And Disneyland is the perfect embodiment of this. There is a strength here that brings people in without telling them whether they want to or not. It is a place where people can be incorporated into the worldview of Disney. Disneyland is the ultimate in comprehensive art.

Mishima himself has shared his ideas in a variety of media, including novels and films. He tried to spread his ideas and stories to the world and connect them to his own context. But what was the result?

When I think of Disneyland, I cannot help but think of Mishima's defeat. In terms of drawing people into his ideal narrative world, I think Mishima was completely defeated. It is hard to believe that Mishima himself, melted by the melodrama, was unaware of it. Mishima's Disneyland.

The colors and designs here have the elegance of commercial art in good taste, without a hint of showy shabbiness, and are designed to be easily accepted by all sensibilities.

Iwanami Shoten, Yukio Mishima, "Biyori ni nata ga kita mono" (Things that defy beauty), p. 221 in Yukio Mishima's Kiko Monogatari (Collection of Yukio Mishima's Travels).

This is also the very reason why they were so highly praised.

Yukio Mishima getting acquainted with Disney movies

Incidentally, Mishima was familiar with Disney movies even before visiting Disneyland, and saw "Cinderella" and "Bambi" at their screenings during his round-the-world cruise starting in 1951. For Mishima on board the ship, the evening screenings were his greatest pleasure, and he cited "Cinderella" as one of the most memorable. (1953, "My History of Western Films")

In an essay titled "Rough and Ridiculous," published in 1954, he also said the following.

I am ashamed to admit it, but I still browse through adventure magazines for boys and girls at bookstores. Someday, I would like to write an adventure novel for adults that would say, "A crocodile before me, a tiger after me, and as soon as I ducked down, the tiger jumped into the throat of the crocodile with its big mouth open. I believe that the mother of art is nothing less than infantilism.

I will always love the strange kingdoms of the depths of the earth, the rituals of the Ini, the immortal queens, the caves that hold jewels, and the like. (I will always love those things.)

While films may have many negative effects on youth, they also have their own cathartic effects. In order to be harmless, they should be as fantastical as possible, and there must be a ridiculous environment in which the desire for adventure that exists in adults as well as in children can be satisfied without reservation. (The adventurous spirit that exists in adults and children must be satisfied without reservation.)

In the Disney cartoons, the party scene between the crazy rabbit and the crazy hatter in "Alice in Wonderland" delighted me greatly. I also enjoyed the intoxicating fantasy of "Dumbo.

The Complete Works of Yukio Mishima 28, p. 294-295

I see, Mishima's love of Disney was partly due to his love for this kind of boys' adventure magazine.

andAlice in Wonderland.and it is interesting that "Dumbo" is mentioned by name. This made me happy because I too loved the party scene in "Alice in Wonderland. Mishima is already completely in love with Disney. There is something about Disney that could fascinate Mishima.

This is why I have also developed a strong interest in Disney. Also on this blogA Study of Disneyland, Land of Dreams."This is the reason why we have been updating our articles under the category of

My Disney Experience

As a side note, I also rode the "Beauty and the Beast" attraction at Disneyland last year.Beauty and the Beastis also my favorite Disney movie of all time.

To be honest, I was struggling to hold back tears after riding this attraction. I was so moved by the wonder of the attraction that I wanted to hug and praise the creators of the attraction.

When Walt Disney created Disneyland, his philosophy was to recreate the two-dimensional space of the movies in the three-dimensional space of reality, and to let guests enter it and experience the story world together.

True to this philosophy, the immersive experience of this attraction was extraordinary.

I especially remember how pleasant the sound was at the point where the inserted song "The Budding of Love" was played. It was a sound that could only be heard in that space. It is a sensation that cannot be felt through the TV or earphones in the room.

In the ball scene at the end, we felt as if we were there. The back and forth, left and right movements were just like the camerawork of a movie camera. Needless to say, the sound effects were also very effective. Really, if you are not careful, you will cry.

We then proceed backward from the room where the ball is being held. As we move away from the room, Belle and the Beast become smaller and smaller, reminding us that we are leaving the world of "Beauty and the Beast" and returning to the real world. In other words, this is a mechanism to make the guests feel how much we have been immersed in the world of "Beauty and the Beast".

I was completely knocked out by each and every one of these elaborations. I was so moved that I was in a state of complete surrender. Like Yukio Mishima, I too was completely absorbed in this worldview.

Disney's recommended reference books

Through Mishima, I was made aware of the depth of Disney. I had always loved Disney, but now I am completely addicted to it.

Recommended reference books about Disneyis summarized in the following article, which we hope you will find useful.

Conclusion

Japan is one of the countries in the world where Disney is uniquely popular. However, its popularity cannot be put aside merely in terms of entertainment. If you know the history and depth of Disney, you will surely enjoy Disney even more. Even Yukio Mishima fell in love with Disney. I would like to emphasize the magnificence of Disneyland. There was something about Disneyland that fascinated even Mishima.

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